Understanding speech not just a matter of believing one’s ears

Even if we just hear part of what someone has said, when we are familiar with the context, we automatically add the missing information ourselves. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics in Frankfurt and the Max Planck Institute for Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig have now succeeded in demonstrating how we do this.

Incomplete utterances are something we constantly encounter in everyday communication. Individual sounds and occasionally entire words fall victim to fast speech rates or imprecise articulation. In poetic language, omissions are used as a stylistic device or are the necessary outcome of the use of regular metre or rhyming syllables. In both cases, our comprehension of the spoken content is only slightly impaired or, in most cases, not affected at all.

The results of previous linguistic research suggest that language is particularly resilient to omissions when the linguistic information can be predicted both in terms of its content and phonetics. The most probable ending to the sentence: “The fisherman was in Norway and caught a sal…” is the word “salmon”. Accordingly, due to its predictability, this sentence-ending word should be able to accommodate the omission of the “m” and “on” sounds.

Read more: Medical Xpress

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